|Originally known as the Revenue Marine founded on August 4th 1790 and later changed the name to Coast Guard Day, by then-Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton. On that date, U.S. Congress, guided by Hamilton, authorized the building of a fleet of the first ten Revenue Service cutters, whose responsibility would be enforcement of the first tariff laws enacted by the U.S. Congress under the U.S. Constitution. This was an important revenue source as there was no income taxation which was established in the early 20th century by progressive Woodrow Wilson.|
The U.S. Coast Guard received its present name through an act of the U.S. Congress signed into law by U.S. President Woodrow Wilson on January 28, 1915 that merged the Revenue Cutter Service with the U.S. Life-Saving Service, and provided the nation with a single maritime service dedicated to saving life at sea and enforcing the nation’s maritime laws.
What is the Revenue Marine?
The first ten Revenue Service cutters were ten oceangoing cutters built at the behest of the 1st United States Congress in the early 1790s to crack down on smuggling. Since the United States Navy had at the time not yet been formed (it was established in 1798), these ten cutters of the newly formed Revenue Marine therefore represent the United States Government’s first official “armed force afloat”, as well as being the first seagoing vessels to operate with what would later become the United States Coast Guard.
US Coast Guard Flags USCG
Coast Guard Day is August 4th.
The Coast Guard is America’s maritime first responder. The United States Coast Guard (USCG) is the coastal defense, search and rescue, and maritime law enforcementbranch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the country’s seven uniformed services.
Created by the U.S. Congress on 4 August 1790 at the request of Alexander Hamilton as the Revenue-Marine, it is the oldest continuous seagoing service of the United States. As Secretary of the Treasury, Hamilton headed the Revenue-Marine, whose original purpose was collecting customs duties at U.S. seaports. By the 1860s, the service was known as the U.S. Revenue Cutter Service and the term Revenue-Marine gradually fell into disuse.
The flag of the United States Coast Guard is white with a dark blue Great Seal of the United States; the shield on the eagle’s breast has a blue chief over vertical red and white stripes. Inscribed in an arc above the eagle is “UNITED STATES COAST GUARD”; below the eagle is the Coast Guard motto, “SEMPER PARATUS” (“Always Ready”) and beneath that in Arabic numerals is “1790” (the year in which the service’s ancestor, the U.S. Revenue Cutter Service, was founded). All inscriptions on the flag are in dark blue typeface.