Also Texas Naval Ensign
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In January of 1836 the Republic of Texas purchased its first four schooners, and the Texas Navy was born. This is its first flag. On its first cruise, the Texas schooner Liberty captured the Mexican schooner Pelicano, in range of the Mexican cannons at Fort Sisal. The Pelicano’s cargo included barrels of flour, but after capture each of the barrels was found to contain 3 kegs of gunpowder, bound for the Mexican army.
In a letter describing the discovery of the powder, the captain of the Liberty wrote the following:
“My situation requires that I keep a constant lookout, and when I see the Mexican flag flying, I shall either take it or be taken. I cannot fly from a Mexican, and will not.”
Commander Schooner Liberty
Texas armed privateers and navy vessels maintained effective control of the sea lanes along the Texas coast. This permitted supplies to arrive to Texas ports to support the Texan land forces, while denying provisions to the invading Mexican army. Sea invasion of Texas became impractical. The Texas Navy was an important factor in the San Jacinto victory, as Santa Anna’s ground forces were not able to get needed supplies. Incidentally, the gunpowder captured by the Liberty was used by Texan forces in the San Jacinto campaign