US Navy Jack
First Navy Jack, Navy Union Jacks
|Stars||Design||Dates in general use||Notes|
|0||The first jack adopted by the United States consisted of thirteen alternating red and white horizontal stripes. Known as the First Navy Jack, it is often depicted with a rattlesnake and motto, however, the evidence is inconclusive that the jack actually had either of these. There is reason to believe that the Continental Navy jack was simply a red and white striped flag with no other adornment. |
|13||Examples of many layouts of the 13 star pattern exist (see Flag of the United States).|
|15||The 15-star jack was used by the United States during the Quasi-War and the War of 1812.|
Sinking of the USS Maine;
Great White Fleet
World War I;
World War II
|50||A 50-star jack was adopted on July 4, 1960, after the ascension of the Territory of Hawaii into statehood. The 50-star jack was used during the Vietnam War. In October 1975, the jack was briefly replaced by the First Navy Jack in commemoration of the U.S. Navy's bicentennial as well as the bicentennial of the United States of America's independence. The 50-star jack was re-adopted on January 1, 1977.|
|0||On October 13, 1975, commissioned U.S. Navy warships switched to the First Navy Jack in commemoration of the bicentennial of the United States Navyand the United States of America's bicentennial. It was used in this capacity until December 31, 1976, when the 50-star jack was re-adopted.|
Global War on Terrorism;
War in Afghanistan
The 50-star jack was re-adopted by commissioned U.S. Navy warships on January 1, 1977.
Since August 18, 1980, the First Navy Jack has been used by the active commissioned ship having the longest total period as active in place of the union jack until the ship is decommissioned or transferred to inactive status, whereupon the next such ship inherits the honor.
In 2002, commissioned U.S. Navy warships switched to the First Navy Jack. From September 11, 2002 onwards, the 50-star jack is only used by Military Sealift Command (MSC) and non-U.S. Navy vessels (e.g., USCG, NOAA, etc.).
Global War on Terrorism;
War in Afghanistan;
The First Navy Jack has been in use since 2002 by United States Navy vessels only. MSC and non-U.S. Navy vessels, such as those of the U.S. Coast Guard and NOAA, continue to use the 50-star union jack adopted in 1960.
|50||June 4, 2019 –||
The 50-star jack set to be re-adopted by commissioned U.S. Navy warships on February 21, 2019, effective June 4, 2019, to coincide with the Battle of Midway.